The degree of urbanisation method classifies cities, municipalities and high-density areas, as well as rural areas in a simple and transparent way. By standardizing the classification approach and applying it globally, it can help identify and measure the effectiveness of policies in different countries that improve the quality of life in these areas. It will also help monitor access to services and infrastructure and other SDG indicators in a way that allows meaningful comparisons and aggregations. This method is tested and implemented in many countries around the world. In New Zealand, a city is a built-up area that is not large enough to be considered a city. Historically, this definition corresponded to a population between about 1,000 and 20,000 inhabitants. Cities do not have an independent legal existence, but are simply administered as built-up parts of districts or, in some cases, cities. It seems that a city can become a city, if only through administrative errors: Rochester in Kent had been a city for centuries, but when the Medway District was created in 1998, a bureaucratic mistake caused Rochester to lose its official status as a city and is now technically a city. With this method, some towns or villages will not have secondary schools or specialized hospitals, and some villages will. We believe that the presence (or non-existence) of these services should be used to characterize these institutions, but not to change their class: for example, « cities without secondary school », « villages with general hospital ». By not including these services in the definition of a city, town or village, these services can be monitored more closely. For example, we can answer the question, « How many cities don`t have a high school? » In addition, the largest settlement within a certain radius could also be called a local or regional center.

This would show which village or city is likely to provide services to a wider area. This definition is based on the census « de facto population » and not on the « de jure population ». This means that some people are counted where they live during the work week and others where they live on weekends, depending on when their census survey takes place. People who live in two places probably don`t have much impact on this definition. It only takes 50,000 inhabitants to become a city. Most places where there are a significant number of part-time residents would be a city, although not all part-time residents would be counted. In countries where de facto demographics are unreliable and a significant number of people live in a city, either part-time or without official registration, the de jure population will underestimate the total size of a city`s population. Mobile phone data could be used to estimate the « de facto population » where it is lacking.

City comes from an old English word that referred to a fortified or fenced place such as a farm, a village or a courtyard. Our modern word refers to populated areas with fixed boundaries and local government. Cities are usually larger than villages, but smaller than cities. The term can also refer to its inhabitants, its city dwellers. Designations in different countries are as diverse as, for example, in Australian states and territories and differ from state to state. In some Länder, the words Markt, Marktflecken (both used in southern Germany) or Flecken (northern Germany, e.g. Lower Saxony) refer to an urban-type residential community between the municipality and the city with a particular meaning for its outer agglomeration. Historically, these had market rights, but not full city rights; see Market Town. The legal name of a particular locality may differ from its common name (e.g. Samtgemeinde – a legal term in Lower Saxony for a group of villages [Dorf, pl. Villages] with municipal administration, which are formed by merged municipalities [municipalities, pl. municipalities] has arisen.

In the United Kingdom, city status is granted to a territory by the monarch of the United Kingdom. In England, a community without royal designation cannot legitimately call itself a city. In the Philippines, the official local equivalent of the city is the municipality (Filipino Bayan). Every municipality or city in the country has a mayor (Filipino alkalde) and a vice mayor (Filipino bise alkalde), as well as local municipal officials (Sangguniang Bayan). Philippine cities, also known as municipalities, consist of a series of villages and communities called barangays, with one (or a few groups of) barangays serving as a downtown or poblacion. In addition, there are « new towns » that emerged in the 20th century, such as Basildon, Redditch and Telford. Milton Keynes was conceived as a « new city », but legally, it is still a city despite its size. Classifying urban areas by population density is fine, but what about industrial areas, don`t they count as urban areas? The term no longer describes local government units, although various claims are made from time to time that the legislation used was not allowed to change the status of the Royal Burghs described below.

The status is now primarily ceremonial, but various functions have been inherited from the current councils (e.g. the request of various foundations that provide charitable purposes) which can only apply in the area previously served by a burgh; Therefore, a burgh can still exist (if only as a defined geographical area) and can still be signed as such by the current local authority. The word « burgh » is not generally used as a synonym for « city » or « city » in everyday language, but is primarily reserved for governmental and administrative purposes. In Chile, cities (Spanish: pueblos) are defined by the National Institute of Statistics (INE) as an urban unit with a population of 2001 to 5000 inhabitants or an area with a population of 1001 to 2000 and an established economic activity. In everyday language, the Greeks used the word χωριό (= village) to designate small settlements, and the word πόλη or πολιτεία (= city) to designate the larger ones. Cautious speakers may also use the word κωμόπολη to refer to cities with 2,000 to 9,999 inhabitants. In Greek administrative law, a distinction was previously made between δήμοι.

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